Question 3:

The correct answer is B.

This is a “Reasoning Within the Text” question. This question requires you to deduce knowledge from the passage and determine the most suitable answer. The best approach is to seek the correct answer through the method of elimination, and establish which response would best represent the statement the author advocates for.

A. In the passage the author mentions that certain regulations play a role in why dominant firms have the ability to train and keep their employees. The author did NOT however advocate for their repeal. This is not the correct answer.

B. One of the most pivotal points the author mentioned was the grave importance and desirability of firms investing in their workers. One statement mentions: “workers who receive formal company training command higher wages than do similar workers who attend only vocational school or receive informal on-the-job instruction.” Furthermore, the author also writes: “highly skilled employees who can react quickly to changing technologies and markets.” This clearly shows that the author believes that investing in employees is extremely beneficial and we can be confident the author would advocate for this. This is the most suitable answer.

C. “Workers who receive formal company training command higher wages than do similar workers who attend only vocational school or receive informal on-the-job instruction.” This sentence from the passage shows that high school vocational training is not as beneficial, thus we can safely assume the author may not be opposed to it, but would not advocate for this. This is not the correct answer.

D. Although this answer may appear tempting because of the word “computer”, remember that the author did not discuss computer production specifically in the passage. The passage mostly focuses on the need for a highly skilled workforce and how computer skills enhance the earning power and adaptability of workers. This is not the correct answer.

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