The correct answer is D.
This is a “Reasoning Within the Text” question. This question requires you to infer knowledge based on the passage and determine which is the most suitable answer. Combining the two statements “employers should invest in training now” and “training does not create high wage jobs” find the implication these statements create together.
A. Although this is a sensible assumption, the author does not discuss a large pool of workers as a benefit to a company and may have no direct correlation with being more competitive. This is not the correct answer.
B. It is clearly stated in the passage “although high-wage, high-skill jobs create a demand for education and training, training does not create high-wage jobs.” The author is therefore implying that on-the-job training is good, but does not compensate for educational deficiencies when there are no existing jobs in the first place. This is not the correct answer.
C. The author actually makes a statement that opposed this point: “although high-wage, high-skill jobs create a demand for education and training, training does not create high-wage jobs.” This does NOT say that training is ineffective unless supplemented by comprehensive education. This is not the correct answer.
D. The author has clearly advocated for the training of workers for high-skilled positions, however, it is also mentioned that not all trained workers will benefit from advanced training. It is stated: “If the investment in workers outpaces the number of good jobs, many very competent workers will face an employment market of many very undemanding jobs.” This is the most suitable answer.